Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive procedure that trains the brain to function better.

During neurofeedback, a client sits in a comfortable chair. Three or more electrodes are placed on the head. The sensors target the very small electrical signals that the brain produces. No stimulation of any kind is given during neurofeedback. The procedure merely “listens” to and records the activity of the brain. We filter out specific frequencies in targeted brain areas and feed that back in a movie or game like the one below.

Brain game example

Game screen example

There are several kinds of neurofeedback that we offer here at NF Services of NY including Infra-slow Frequency, Z-score, sLORETA, LORETA, Hemoencephalography, and traditional neurofeedback.

An example of an sLORETA training screen

An example of an sLORETA training screen

 

The training lasts from twenty to thirty minutes and an appointment is usually approximately an hour.

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive procedure that trains the brain to function better. This happens through conditioning just like the famous story of Pavlov’s dogs. His dogs were trained to produce saliva through conditioned response.

Pavlov’s famous experiment utilized Classical Conditioning while neurofeedback works through a related paradigm called Operant Conditioning. In Pavlov’s experiment just before food was provided a bell was rung. The dogs would be given the meat in a manner that produced saliva. After sufficient repetitions of the procedure the dogs produced saliva upon hearing the bell without being provided the meat. That is a conditioned response.

Neurofeedack works through a conditioned response called Operant Conditioning. When a brain operation is performed a “reward” is given in graphic form, a movie plays with sufficient brightness or a game is successfully navigated. This signals the brain in a conditioning manner. After sufficient repetitions of the targeted brain operation the behavior associated with that particular brain process becomes learned behavior. In this way, attention, relaxation, sleep, and many other behavioral states can be operantly conditioned and become more easily accessible.